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Wednesday, July 15, 2020 | History

3 edition of A compositional semantics for focusing subjuncts found in the catalog.

A compositional semantics for focusing subjuncts

Daniel C. Lyons

A compositional semantics for focusing subjuncts

by Daniel C. Lyons

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Published by National Library of Canada in Ottawa .
Written in English


Edition Notes

SeriesCanadian theses = Thèses canadiennes
The Physical Object
FormatMicroform
Pagination2 microfiches.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18681985M
ISBN 100315564954

  This book provides an introduction to compositional semantics and to the syntax/semantics interface. It is rooted within the tradition of model theoretic semantics, and develops an explicit fragment of both the syntax and semantics of a rich portion of English/5(1).   provides new constraints on natural language and on the internal language in which meaning is mentally represented. Most syntax takes the sentence as the basic unit for well-formedness, but definitions force us to focus on words and phrases, and hence to focus on compositional syntax in parallel with compositional semantics.

  By enriching compositional semantics in this way, generalized 2D semantics promises a straightforward explanation of a variety of epistemic properties of sentences: e.g., why a necessary sentence like ‘Hesperus is Phosphorus’ is not apriori knowable, what the subject learns by accepting the sentence, or how the subject uses the sentence in. In mathematics, semantics, and philosophy of language, the principle of compositionality is the principle that the meaning of a complex expression is determined by the meanings of its constituent expressions and the rules used to combine them. This principle is also called Frege's principle, because Gottlob Frege is widely credited for the first modern formulation of it.

Compositional and lexical semantics Compositional semantics: the construction of meaning (generally expressed as logic) based on syntax. This lecture: Œ Semantics with FS grammars Lexical semantics: the meaning of individual words. This lecture: Œ lexical semantic relations and WordNet Œ one technique for word sense disambiguation 1. Operators that make use of focus alternatives in their semantics are called focus-sensitive operators. That could be focus-sensitive adverbs like only, also and even and discourse-level operators (compare e.g. Krifka ); or we could endorse a more abstract theory like Rooth's (), according to which a single operator (the ∼ operator) always handles the interface between focus and focus.


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A compositional semantics for focusing subjuncts by Daniel C. Lyons Download PDF EPUB FB2

Abstract A compositional semantics for focusing subjunctswords such as only, even, and alsois developed from Rooth's theory of association with focus.

By adapting the theory so that it can be expressed in terms of a frame-based semantic. A compositional semantics for focusing subjuncts-- words such as only, even, and also--is developed from Rooth's theory of association with focus.

A compositional semantics for focusing subjuncts-- words such as only, even, and also--is developed from Rooth's theory of association with focus. By adapting the theory so that it can be expressed in terms of a frame-based semantic formalism, a semantics that is more computationally practical is arrived at.

A Compositional Semantics for Focusing Subjuncts. Daniel Lyons. Anthology ID: P Volume: 28th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics Month: June Year: Address: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA Venue: ACL SIG: Publisher: Association for Computational Linguistics Note: Pages: 54–61Cited by: 6.

A compositional semantics for focusing subjuncts-- words such as only, even, and also--is developed from Rooth's theory of association with focus.

By adapting the theory so that it can be expressed in terms of a frame-based semantic formalism, a semantics that is more computationally practical is arrived : Daniel Lyons&apos and Daniel Lyons. Lyons, D. & G. Hirst (): “A Compositional Semantics for Focusing Subjuncts”.

In: Proceedings of the 28th Annual Meeting of the Association of Computational Linguistics, 54– Google Scholar. This book provides an introduction to compositional semantics and to the syntax/semantics interface.

It is rooted within the tradition of model theoretic semantics, and develops an explicit fragment of both the syntax and semantics of a rich portion of English. Professor Jacobson adopts a Direct Compositionality approach, whereby the syntax builds the expressions while the semantics.

This book provides an introduction to compositional semantics and to the syntax/semantics interface, combining Direct Compositionality with approaches based on Logical Form. It is intended for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in linguistics, philosophy of language, and other related fields.

So in these examples, focus plays a crucial role in determining truth-conditions and/or presuppositions: it appears to be directly involved in compositional semantics.

The question-answer felicity conditions inon the other hand, looked more like a matter of pragmatics. Adverbs of. Compositional Semantics: Presupposition •A presupposes B when, to determine whether A is true or false, one must assume B is true.

Peter has quit smoking. presupposes Peter smoked before. Emily never went to Philadelphia again. presupposes Emily has been to. Semantic interpretation and the resolution of ambiguity January January Read More.

Author: Graeme Hirst. Univ. of Toronto, Toronto, Ont., Canada. Focus (abbreviated FOC) is a grammatical category that determines which part of the sentence contributes new, non-derivable, or contrastive information.

Focus is related to information structure. Contrastive focus specifically refers to the coding of information that is contrary to the presuppositions of the interlocutor.

The topic–comment model distinguishes between the topic (theme) and. L Lecture 7, Compositional semantics Typing in compositional semantics Typing I Semantic typing ensures that semantic expressions are consistent.

e.g., chase0(dog0(k)) is ill-formed. I Two basic types: I e is the type for entities in the model (such as k) I t. We prove a theorem stating that any semantics can be encoded as a compositional semanties, which means that, essentially, the standard definition of compositionality is formally vacuous.

We then show that when compositional semantics is required to be “systematic” (that is, the meaning function cannot be arbitrary, but must belong to some class), it is possible to distinguish between. Compositional Learning for HumanObject Interaction Keizo Kato1⋆, Yin Li2, and Abhinav Gupta2 1 Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.

@ 2 Carnegie Mellon University [email protected], [email protected] Abstract. The world of human-object interactions is rich. Daniel Altshuler is an Assistant Professor of Linguistics at Hampshire College. He received his PhD from Rutgers University inwith his dissertation Temporal interpretation in narrative discourse and event internal research investigates how compositional semantics interacts with discourse structure and discourse coherence; a topic explored in his recent book Events, States.

This book provides an introduction to compositional semantics and to the syntax/semantics interface. It is rooted within the tradition of model theoretic semantics, and develops an explicit fragment of both the syntax and semantics of a rich portion of English.

including analyses of more advanced topics such as focus, negative polarity, and Reviews: 4. General Overviews. McNally and Bücking provide self-contained overviews of modification as a semantic operation.

While topics and general approach overlap to a considerable degree, their respective focus is different. Bücking dwells on the composition of modifiers and its substantiation by formal semantics; McNally is broader in coverage and formally lighter.

In the book as a whole, chapter 2 serves only as a background; at the same time, however, it makes clear that further syntactic study of focus particles is worthwhile in itself.z ' Kbnig himself has made substantial contributions to the research on focus particles, having written many articles from onwards, only a few of which are listed.

A compositional semantics for focusing subjunctswords such as only, even, and alsois developed from Rooth's theory of association with focus. By adapting the theory so that it can be expressed in terms of a frame-based semantic formalism, a.

compositional semantics: the meaning of sentences within the context of other sentences. Students will study the concept of reference, or the relationship between words and how they are referred to and expressed in language, relationships between words and the semantic features they bear, as .As we will see, the schema in (11) is the main driving force behind compositional interpretation.

How-ever, for the purpose of linguistic semantics, we will have use no use for types like living things or numbers. In fact, much of formal semantics revolves around two types: (i) entities, notated as e, and (ii) truth-values, notated as t.

The field of linguistics is concerned with the study of meaning in stic semantics has been defined as the study of how languages organize and express meanings. The term semantics (from the Greek word for sign) was coined by French linguist Michel Bréal (), who is commonly regarded as a founder of modern semantics.